Gurukul: Historical Education System
Education is everyone’s right. What we learn and how we learn creates a deep impact on our life and our Nature or Behaviour too. The education system has its roots from ancient times from the Gurukul era. It was a system where students used to stay with their teachers and learn from them. Students have to stay with their teacher until his Guru doesn’t felt that he is properly educated and leave Gurukul now.
From Ancient times, we have studied Science, Medical, Surgery, Astrology, Maths, and much more. These were part of the education system from the very early history of India. The classroom was in an open environment and the student had direct interaction with nature. They can learn and get nurtured with nature.
After the British era, Our education system gets modernized. Whatever we observe related to our education system is processed by Britishers. Yet we got a modern classroom and a new method of Learnings. We slowly and regularly forget our precious era of nurturing our minds with nature and our ancient knowledge.
Our Current Education System need Reformation
Our Education system is much older compared to the world. We have a few major problems here which need to revolutionize Yet we have developed a lot but we have not been able to move our education system with the same development.
There are several issues with which our current education system is suffering. We can not deny the fact that our government and educational institutions are regularly trying to reform the current system and the existing education model. But because of some non-awareness and lack of knowledge, we are able to digest these changes.
Nowadays too, India’s most popular courses for graduation are either medical or Engineering. And out of these two, they select the traditional branches to study. This all needs to revolutionize and this model needs to look for several issues that need to be taken care of our prosperity.
Our current model of Rote learning, Evaluation system, Equal weightage to all subjects need to change. We need better instructors, a Better trainer, and Educators. A new face of technology needs to be introduced to transform our education. We need to focus on a personalized education system as every student has a different capacity and interest in absorbing new things whatever they learn. They need to teach the purpose of education and how they can utilize their learning in the real world.
Why change Required?
In the year of 2014, Our global rank of Indian education system slipped to 93rd position, which continues to downgrade
In the current scenario, the Student’s talent is judged by only one parameter. i.e. Percentage in their exams. And because of that, Students just mug-up and memorize all for the purpose of writing in the exam only. There is no practical knowledge in our education system. Our education system mainly involves in theoretical knowledge.
The Indian education system is harsh on kids. This doesn’t care about the feeling of students, their opinion, and Expectation. Kids are pushed to study from age of just 02. Non-performers of this model has been criticized by parents and society.
According to “THE TIMES HIGHER EDUCATION”, there is only 02 institution in India among 200 best educational institutes worldwide. IIT-Delhi got 154th Rank and IIT-Bombay is at 174th rank. Our current system doesn’t work on enhancing a person’s skill but this forces that person to learn those which he doesn’t want or have no interest in it.
Education System Reform 2020
New education policy Launched on 29th July’20 (Wednesday). This was approved by The Union cabinet which aims to improve the country’s current education system. This reform is also important because Action for these transformations in the education system has been taken after 34 years.
Some key points of these Reforms are as follows:
- HRD ministry will be renamed as an Education ministry.
- A new dedicated wing for Digital and online learning will be launched.
- Bag-less days will be encouraged.
- No hard separation of Stream for students.
- Experiential learning and focus on more practical knowledge.
- New educational content will focus on Ideas, Application, and Problem-solving.
- Tech-based apps for adult learning through Apps and TV channels will be encouraged.
- The importance of the Board exam will be reduced, Exam will be conducted twice a year.
- Coding to be taught from Class 6.
- Indian Institute of Translation and Interpretation will be purposed.
- For teaching, the Minimum qualification will be 04-year integrated B.Ed. degree.
- A common regulatory body will be introduced for higher education.
- The education sector will be raised to 6% of GDP from 1.7%.
- Preparatory class for kids below 05 years “BLAVATIKA” will be purposed.
- E-content will available in the Regional language.
Future aspects from New Education system Reform
The new education system is expected to promote a multi-disciplinary education system in India. Which will like to bring the foreign educational institution to reform our education system? More practical education will make students skillful to live a better life.
Digital learning will ease the education system and it will be easy to get learning content. Kids will now be free from heavy school bags. A flexible stream selection will make it easier to chose from their subject of interest. there won’t be any pressure and student won’t be judged by their marks of the 10th board.
To compete with this computer era students will get to learn about coding from class 6 only. this will help them to revolutionize themselves and will help them to know the coding world better.
As minimum teaching criteria become 04-year integrated B.Ed. We will now have respectively good teachers and instructors. This will help the student to get understand the subject better and in more deep from knowledgeable Teachers.
Because of this target raise education part of GDP from 1.7% to 6%, more educational institutions will be developed based on new technical studies and requirements from students with a subject selection criteria of students’ interest.